Demand response (DR) for smart grids intends to balance the required power demand with the available supply resources. This is especially important with an increased amount of renewable energy sources since for most of them the energy yield cannot be shifted in time. For example, photovoltaic systems will provide their peak power at noon while customers might want to use energy at different times.
Wilfried Elmenreich states that “with the increased amount of renewable energy sources, we also require more and more power plants that can support peak loads – in the worst case these are powered with coal. To avoid this, the grid needs to smarten up to provide means to adjust the loads to the current power production.”
Residential load scheduling systems provide a solution to this problem by incentivizing consumers to use energy at times where production is high while motivating lower energy consumption in times of peak power. The goals of such residential load scheduling systems are therefore manifold: to cut peak power, to follow supply, and to reduce the overall energy cost for the customer.
In a study, we investigated different dynamic residential load scheduling systems with respect to optimal scheduling of household appliances on the basis of an adaptive consumption level pricing scheme (ACLPS). The proposed load scheduling system encourages customers to manage their energy consumption within the allowable consumption allowance of the proposed DR pricing scheme to achieve lower energy bills.
Simulation results show that employing the proposed approach benefits the customers by reducing their energy bill and the utility companies by decreasing the peak load of the aggregated load demand. For a given case study, the proposed residential load scheduling system based on ACLPS allows customers to reduce their energy bills by up to 53% and to decrease the peak load by 35%.
The full results are available in the paper
H. T. Haider, O. H. See, and W. Elmenreich. Dynamic residential load scheduling based on adaptive consumption level pricing scheme. Electric Power Systems Research, 133:27–35, 2016.